Author(s): Richard Parker
At the beginning of the twenty-first century, key public health issues and challenges have taken centre stage. They range from arsenic in drinking water to asthma among children and adults; from the re-emergence of cholera, to increasing cancer rates and other chronic diseases; from AIDS to malaria and hepatitis; from the crises faced by displaced or refugee populations to the new challenges that have emerged for reproductive health and rights. Like most aspects of contemporary life, these problems have been impacted by globalization. The issues that confront us are being shaped by evolving processes such as the growth of inequalities between the rich and the poor in countries around the world, the globalization of trade and commerce, new patterns of travel and migration, as well as a reduction in resources for the development and sustainability of public health infrastructures. The Routledge Handbook of Global Public Health explores this context and addresses both the emerging issues and conceptualizations of the notion of global health, along with expanding upon and highlighting the critical priorities in this rapidly evolving field. It is organized in ten main sections. The topics covered include: The transition from international to global health Structural inequalities and global public health Ecological transformation and environmental health in the global system Population and reproductive health Conflict, violence and emergencies in global public health Global public health policy and practice Global public health and development Global mental health Global access to essential medicines Health systems, health capacity, and the politics of global public health This comprehensive handbook will provide an authoritative overview for students, practitioners, researchers, and policy makers working in or concerned with public health around the globe.
Richard Parker is Professor of Sociomedical Sciences and Anthropology in the Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University in New York City, USA. He is also Director and President of the Brazilian Interdisciplinary AIDS Association (ABIA) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He is the Editor-in-Chief of Global Public Health journal. Marni Sommer is Assistant Professor of Sociomedical Sciences in the Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University. She is the Executive Editor of Global Public Health journal.
1. Introduction Richard Parker and Marni Sommer PART I The Transition from International Health to Global Health 2. Global Health in Transition Julio Frenk, Octavio Gomez-Dantes, and Fernando Chacon 3. The World Health Organization and the World of Global Health Theodore M. Brown and Marcos Cueto 4. The Shifting Landscape of Public Health: From International to Global Health Adam Kamradt-Scott, Chris Holden, and Kelley Lee 5. From International to Global: Framing Health in the New Millenium Ronald Labonte 6. International Health, Global Health and Human Rights Daniel Tarantola, Laura Ferguson, and Sofia Gruskin PART II Structural Inequalities and Global Public Health 7. Global Health Inequities: Structures, Power and the Social Distribution of Health Sharon Friel and Michael Marmot 8. Eliminating Global Health Inequities - Bridging the Gap David Satcher and Sharon A. Rachel 9. Gender-based Inequities in Global Public Health Gita Sen and Piroska Ostlin 10. From Natural History of Disease to Vulnerability: Changing Concepts and Practices in Contemporary Public Health Jose Ricardo Ayres, Vera Paiva and Ivan Franca Jr. 11. Attacking Inequality in Health: A Challenging but Winnable War Abdo Yazbeck 12. Pathways to Health Systems Strengthening for the Bottom Billion Andrew Ellner, Gene Bukhman and Paul Farmer PART III Ecological Transformation and Environmental Health in the Global System 13. Climate Change and Global Public Health: Impacts, Research and Actions Elizabeth G. Hanna, Anthony J. McMichael and Colin D. Butler 14. Water and Health: Fragile Sources Peter G. McCornick and John Pasch 15. Double Jeopardy: Vulnerable Children and the Possible Global Lead Poisoning/Infectious Disease Syndemic Merrill Singer 16. Air Pollution and Global Public Health Christopher J. Paul and Marie Lynn Miranda PART IV Population and Reproductive Health 17. The Evolution of Reproductive Health and Rights Susan Purdin, Anne Langston and Ashley Wolfington 18. A Generation at Risk: Prioritizing Child and Youth Health Caroline W. Kabiru, Chi-Chi Undie and Alex C. Ezeh 19. Reducing Death and Disability from Unsafe Abortion Therese McGinn 20. Masculinity and Its Public Health Implications for Sexual and Reproductive Health and HIV Prevention Margaret E. Greene and Gary Barker 21. Longevity and Aging: The Success of Global Public Health Linda P. Fried PART V Conflict, Violence and Emergencies in Global Public Health 22. Conflict, Health, and Health Systems: A Global Perspective Ronald J. Waldman and Margaret E. Kruk 23. Ending Violence Against Women: Essential to Global Health and Human Rights Nancy Glass, Jacquelyn Campbell, Veronica Njie-Carr and Terri-Ann Thompson 24. Protection of Children in Disaster and War Neil Boothby and Alastair Ager 25. Nutrition in Emergencies: Indicators and Reference Levels Helen Young 26. Water and Conflict: Moving from the Global to the Local Erika Weinthal and Avner Vengosh PART VI Global Public Health Policy and Practice 27. Global Health Diplomacy Ilona Kickbusch and Chantal Berger 28. The Politics of Global Aid Peter Muennig and Celina Su 29. Global Tobacco Control Policy Heather Wipfli and Jonathan M. Samet 30. Global Nutrition: Complex Etiology Demands Social as well as Nutrient-Based Solutions Joanne Csete and Marion Nestle 31. Health Communication: A Catalyst to Behavior Change Jane T. Bertrand, Alice Payne Merrit, and Gary Saffitz PART VII Global Public Health and Development 32. Tracking Development Assistance for Health, 1990 to 2007 Christopher Murray and Katie Leach-Kemon 33. Global Blindness and Visual Impairment Alfred Sommer 34. Improving Maternal and Newborn Survival Through Community Intervention Tanja A.J. Houweling, Anthony Costello, and David Osrin 35. Chronic Diseases - The Urgent Need for Action Henry Greenberg, Susan Raymond, Angela Beaton, Ruth Colagiuri and Stephen Leeder 36. Creating Access to Health Technologies in Poor Countries Laura J. Frost and Michael R. Reich PART VIII Global Mental Health 37. Closing the Treatment Gap for Mental Disorders Vikram Patel, Mirja Koschorke and Martin Prince 38. Stigma, Discrimination, Social Exclusion and Mental Health: A Public Health Perspective Nicolas Rusch, Sara Evans-Lacko, Sarah Clement, and Graham Thornicroft 39. Developing Mental Health Programs in Low- and Middle- Income Countries Florence Baingana 40. Sexual Violence: A Priority Research Area for Women's Mental Health Jill Astbury and Rachel Jewkes PART IX Global Access to Essential Medicines 41. Global Access to Essential Medicines Past, Present, and Future Jonathan D. Quick and Eric Olawolu Moore 42. Challenges of Local Production of Pharmaceuticals in Improving Access to Medicines David Ofori-Adjei and Paul Lartey 43. Medicine Safety and Safe Access to Essential Medicines: Time for renewed attention and innovation Malebona Precious Matsoso, Ushma Mehta and Fatima Suleman 44. Saving the Lives of Children by Improving Access to Essential Medicines in the Community Martha Embrey, Jane Briggs and Grace Adeya 45. Antiretrovirals as Merit Goods Ethan B. Kapstein and Josh Busby PART X Health Systems, Health Capacity, and the Politics of Global Public Health 46. Health Systems Strengthening: Past, Present and Future Sara Bennett 47. Politics of Global Health: Understanding the Politics of Aid Rebecca Dodd 48. Developing Drugs for the Developing World: The Role of Product Development Partnerships Maria C. Freire 49. Models of Cooperation, Capacity Building and the Future of Global Health Gerald T. Keusch 50. Long-term Academic Partnerships for Capacity Building in Health in Developing Countries Jeffrey D. Mulvihill and Haile T. Debas